Brief History of the R.O.C. Air Force Academy
The predecessor of the R.O.C. Air Force Academy was the Central Army Academy’s Aviation Corps established in Nanjing in 1928, then reorganized to the Aviation Class in 1929. In 1931, it was moved to Chien-Chao and changed the name to the Central Aviation School on September 1, 1932. The name was changed to the Air Force Academy on July 1, 1938, and the Academy was stationed to Gangshan, Kaoshiung County, Taiwan in 1949.
The Academy, according to the National Father Dr. Sun Yat-Sen’s will to save the country with aviation and the late President Chiang Kai-Shek’s instruction to build up the strong air force, was aimed at educating excellent youth with philosophy, science and military science, in order to constitute the backbone of the Air Force with remarkable abilities, strong body, rich specialized knowledge and precise flying skills.
1.Cultivating modern air force officers with strong senses of country, duty, and honor through a coherent military education program and activities.
2.With a systematic curriculum, cultivating cadets who possess general abilities for undergraduate education and will be ready for advanced study.
3.Facilitating a step-by-step training program of “Physical Fitness” to help cadets build a sturdy body and courage along with strong determination and perseverance.
4.Establishing firm spirit of teamwork and creating sense of honor through a relevant practice system and regular team lifestyle to cultivate air force officers who have passion for their teams and abide by the regulations.
Courses in technology are adopted as a regular program for the cadets in the Air Force Academy. A total of 130 credits or more are required to be completed in four-year education. Specialized courses that begin in the first year are categorized into four departments － Aerospace Engineering, Avionics Engineering, Aviation Mechanical Engineering, and Aviation Management. Every graduate in each department will be certified as a bachelor of science or management and ranked as a second lieutenant.
Graduates who pass the Aviation Medical Examinations will be tested for their aviation qualification. Those who are not proper to be a pilot will be assigned to receive specialized education (such as Aeronautical Mechanics, Communication & Electronics, and Anti-Air Warfare) in the Air Force Institute of Technology or the Army Artillery and Missile School, and later be appointed to certain units by the General Headquarters after finishing the training.
Applicants for admission to the Professional Aviation Training Program should be graduated from junior college or above. The students will be trained for 97 weeks in the academy to acquire professional education (including Basic Aviation Theory and military courses) and aviation training. The graduates will be ranked as a second lieutenant.
Education and Flight Training
1. General Field: Specialized education is adopted and divided into four departments － Aerospace Engineering, Avionics Engineering, Aviation Mechanical Engineering, and Aviation Management. The curriculum programs are designed to be full of variety, flexibility, and basic knowledge related to both academic and military fields. A total of 128 credits or more are required to be completed within four years. The courses provided in each department are described as follows:
(1) Department of Aerospace Engineering: Five specific fields Aerodynamics, Flight Dynamics, and related advanced courses to provide every cadet with the opportunity to study further.
(2) Department of Avionics Engineering: Specialized avionics courses and elective courses are the main focus study, which includes three main fields － automatic control, computer, and communication. Flight training and practical laboratory training are combined within the courses with an attempt to build up cadets’ avionic engineering knowledge as well as their ability to do further research.
(3) Department of Aviation Mechanical Engineering: The curriculum design focuses on the fields of Power Mechanics and Structure and Solid Mechanics. The courses of fundamental Aeronautical Mechanics and Airplane Maintenance, with theories and practices integrated, are provided to the students with an aim to facilitate better teaching methods and to upgrade the learning effectiveness.
(4) Department of Aviation Management: Providing managerial theories and techniques is the goal of the department. In order to achieve this goal, the basic academic programs require a minimum of 128 credits prescribed by the Ministry of Education. Our aviation management programs include Management, Operation Research, and etc. With the demands of the Air Force, the following aviation safety related courses are also provided, such as Aviation Management, Flight Safety, Aviation Psychology, Human Factor, and Integrated Logistic Support. Through theoretical and practical courses, we prepare our students with necessary knowledge and skills for their future in the Air Force as professional pilots and flight operations managers.
2. Military Field: The military training programs in the Air Force Academy are classified into four main categories － basic theory, joint warfare, military intelligence, and specialized knowledge, focusing on educating cadets with basic subjects and enabling them to gradually comprehend the future development of the Air Force and the role they play in the combat missions with joint forces, and to prepare the pre-courses of the layout of new-type aircrafts. Therefore, the cadets will able to complete interface training and get connected to military services, achieving the goal of “Learning for practice; trained for practice.”
Time of Training
Those qualified for flight training will be evaluated with TP-1 Flight Simulator. The flight training program is separated into three phases － Evaluation Flight Training, Basic Flight Training, and Advanced Flight Training.
Professional Flight Training Program
Male or female flight officers will receive flight training after acquiring the basic specialized education.
Training Hours and the Current Type of Trainer:
Selection Flight Training:
Completing ten to twelve-hour flight with T-34C.
Basic Flight Training:
Completing 80-hour flight with T-34C.
Advanced Flight Training:
1.Combat Training Section
Completing 120-hour flight with AT-3.
2.Air Transportation Training Section
Completing eighty-hour-and-fifty-minute flight with BH-1900 or T-34.
Completing ninety-hour-and-fifty-minute with T-34.
Flight Simulator Training will be conducted for a total of 36 to 50 hours depending on each phase of flight training.
In order to meet the requirements of teaching and combine theories with practices, experiment equipment for scientific researches and teaching facilities for air force-related education are provided. For the academic field, there are “Classroom of Aircraft System Models”, “Laboratory for Wind Tunnel Researches”, and “Astronomy Classroom.” For the military field, there are “Military Intelligence Analysis Room”, “Classroom for Joint Warfare Teaching”, “Classroom for Weapon Introduction” and a military library. As for the aspect of flight training, there are "Flight Simulator Classrooms”, “Multimedia Studios” for group or personal use, and complete aviation facilities.
The Cadet Honor System and Extracurricular Activities
The Cadet Honor System
To enhance cadets' sense of honor and leadership, cadet cadre system is established based on the chain of command of the Cadet Group. Senior cadets serve as cadet group and squadron commanders while junior and sophomore cadets serve as platoon and squad commanders respectively. Cadet cadres in the Pilot Officer Classes are selected in terms of their seniority and superiority, and perform their practical duties under the guidance of the officers.
To nourish life with animation and enrich the mind with knowledge, and further cultivate cadets with gregarious, optimistic, and aggressive personalities, a total of 12 clubs comprised of academic, artistic, and recreational fields are established and participated by the cadets according to personal interests, and professional teachers are also invited to give instructions.
Since the establishment in 1929, the academy has gradually nurtured “the Spirit of Chienchiao,” after the alumni had undergone all sorts of tribulation, sacrifice, and warfare. During battles against the Communists and Japanese, the academy had accomplished glorious records for safeguarding the airspace sovereignty and ensuring the country’s security. Recognizing these contributions, the Air Force Academy must persevere to strive towards excellence, envision the future, and prepare Air Force leaders to achieve the ultimate educational goal.